The civic coat of arms of Tiggiano has a blue background and it represents the
head of the god Janus, one
the most venerated Roman divinity. About the origin of this small village there
are no historical documents. Probably it was founded during the Roman domination
by a centurion, whose name was Titio or Tibius. He was given this land and he
had decided to build his own house and that of his soldiers here. So the toponym
of this village might come from the centurion's name. There are two other
theories about the origins of Tiggiano: it might have been built by some people
who had escaped from the destruction of the Casale of Valiano. According
to the other theory the toponym might derive from the Latin word "tegula"
meaning the place in which the soldiers who went to Vereto used to stop to feed
their horses. During the feudal age the king Tancredi incorporated the centre
into the County of Lecce. In 1270 the Angevins gave the feud to Rodolfo d'
Alneto, Earl of Alessano. In 1309, the
successor of Charles I, Robert the Angevin, gave Tiggiano to the Arcellas, who
were succeeded by the Della Marras and the De Petravaldas. In the XV century
Tiggiano was ruled first by the Della Rattas, then by the Del Balzos and in the
XVI century by the De Capuas, the Gonzagas and the Braydas. From the XVII
century to 1806 this village was governed by the Tranes, the Gallones and the
Serafini-Saulis. Among the most well-known characters there is Mario De
Francesco. He was born in 1886, he graduated in Law and took part in the First
World War. After inheriting an enormous fortune from one of his relatives, he
married Maria Serafini-Sauli. He died in 1955. Other important local people are
the famous doctor Ruberti and the good Latinist Rausa.