Castromediano’s Ducal palace is one of the most interesting Palaces of
Cavallino. It was built in
15th century for defensive aims. It was restored several times and
became more and more beautiful. The decorations are in Renaissance style and its
rooms have refined frescos and interesting paintings. Inside there is a big
sculpture representing Chiliano Limburgh an ancestor of the Castromedianos. The
statue was made probably in the 12th century by a Sicilian artist.
The stately bell tower was built in 1787. It is 43 m high and is the tallest
after that of the Cathedral of Lecce.The Mother Church is dedicated to Our Lady
of the Assumption. It was built in the
17th century on a pre-existing structure. Its façade is richly
decorated with an elegant portal and two niches with statue of the saints.
Inside the church there are some refined baroque altars, the sepulchral monument
of the Castromedianos (1637) and some paintings with sacred images. When the
Basilian monks were in Cavallino, they built a crypt and on it the marquis
Francesco Castromediano built a Convent and the Church of the Dominican Friars.
The family coat of arms can be seen on the façade and inside there are nine
altars, a wooden pulpit and some paintings. The convent has been restored and is
now used for public shows. The Church of St Mary of the Mountain was built after
a prodigious event. A group of oxen was quietly pasturing when one of them began
to dig a hole with its legs. The shepherd looked into the hole and saw a stone
with the image of the Virgin. The people of Cavallino decided to build a church
where the image was found, every day they built the walls for the church and
every night the walls collapsed. The population was shocked and confused because
they did not know what to do. One night a woman dreamt of Our Lady and she told
the woman where exactly the church had to be built so the church finally stood
up. The patron saint of Cavallino is St Domenico from Guzman and is solemnly
celebrated on August the 4th.
The people of
Cavallino have two nicknames: “caddhinari” (chickens) and “figghi te muli”
We do not know how those nicknames were chosen but the people of the
neighbouring villages probably meant that the people of Cavallino are as stupid
as the chickens and as stubborn as the donkeys.